In 2005, the European Commission recommended that research institutes explicitly support the Charter & Code. The European Charter is a set of general principles and requirements that specifies the roles, responsibilities, and entitlements of researchers, as well as those of employers and/or funders of researchers. It seeks to ensure that the relationship between these parties contributes to successful performance in the generation, transfer, and sharing of knowledge, and to the career development of researchers. The Code of Conduct for the recruitment of researchers consists of a set of general principles and requirements to be followed by employers and/or funders when appointing or recruiting researchers. It aims to improve recruitment and to make selection procedures fairer and more transparent, and it proposes various means of judging merit: Merit should not be measured merely on the basis of the number of publications but on a wider range of evaluation criteria, such as teaching, supervision, teamwork, knowledge transfer, management and public awareness activities.
The Human Resources Strategy for Researchers can be considered as a tool to put the principles of the Charter & Code into practice. In order to achieve this, the Human Resources Strategy for Researchers follows fives steps :