Vés al contingut
Envelliment i Metabolisme
Stem Cells and Cancer
Imatge
Salvador Aznar Benitah.
Group Leader
Telephone:
+34 93 40 34021

ICREA Research Professor, ERC Starting Grant

Imatge
Imatge
ICREA

Research information

Background

Adult stem cells ensure maintenance of the tissue and integrity in response to damage. They self-renew, are multipotential, and respond to and repair injuries. The skin and other stratified epithelia as model tissues display a high turnover rate, and contain well-defined populations of adult stem cells (SCs). A key feature of SCs is that they localize to specialized niches, where they remain unspecified but sense the needs of the tissue. Constant tissue replenishment drives a SCs to proliferate, the daughter cells to egress the niche, propagate, and terminally differentiate. Niche adherence, dormancy, activation, and exit, must be finely regulated processes, since loss of this tight control is causative of aging, and the onset and progression of squamous cell carcinomas.

Research interests

Our global aim is to characterize the molecular pathways that regulate the behaviour of normal stem cells during homeostasis, and how they become deregulated during carcinogenesis and ageing.

stem cells

Epidermal stem cells from mouse tail skin visualized by wholemount 3D immunostaining: Left panel shows epidermal stem cells marked with BrDU (Label Retaining Cells); Middle and right panels Show expression of keratin-15 and high expression of integrin alpha6, respectively.

Research lines

We are interested in studying the following questions:

  • What intrinsic (cell autonomous) mechanisms regulate adult stem cell function, and how are they deregulated during ageing and cancer?
  • How do adult stem cells communicate with their local environment (i.e. niche) and how is the system coordinated to dictate stem cell function?
  • What systemic cues communicate with adult stem cells and how do distant adult stem cells either from the same tissue or from different tissues coordinate their function at the level of the whole organism?
  • How does deregulation of pathways that control stem cell behaviour contribute to the maintenance and invasive progression of skin and oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCC)? Is there cancer stem cell heterogeneity in human SCC? If so, what is its significance?

We use a combination of conditional mouse models, primary cell culture (human and mouse), live microscopy, highthroughput genomics and proteomics approaches, and basic molecular biology.

Selected publications

Avgustinova A; Laudanna C; Pascual-García M; Rovira Q; Djurec M; Castellanos A; Urdiroz-Urricelqui U; Marchese D; Prats N; Van Keymeulen A; Heyn H; Vaquerizas JM; Benitah SA
Cell Stem Cell
( )
-
(2021)
Koronowski KB; Kinouchi K; Welz PS; Smith JG; Zinna VM; Shi J; Samad M; Chen S; Magnan CN; Kinchen JM; Li W; Baldi P; Benitah SA; Sassone-Corsi P
Cell
177
(6 )
1448 -
1462.e14
(2019)
Welz PS; Zinna VM; Symeonidi A; Koronowski KB; Kinouchi K; Smith JG; Guillén IM; Castellanos A; Crainiciuc G; Prats N; Caballero JM; Hidalgo A; Sassone-Corsi P; Benitah SA
Cell
177
(6 )
1436 -
1447.e12
(2019)
Solanas G; Peixoto FO; Perdiguero E; Jardí M; Ruiz-Bonilla V; Datta D; Symeonidi A; Castellanos A; Welz PS; Caballero JM; Sassone-Corsi P; Muñoz-Cánoves P; Benitah SA
Cell
170
(4 )
678 -
692.e20
(2017)
Sato S; Solanas G; Peixoto FO; Bee L; Symeonidi A; Schmidt MS; Brenner C; Masri S; Benitah SA; Sassone-Corsi P
Cell
170
(4 )
664 -
677.e11
(2017)
Pascual G, Avgustinova A, Mejetta S, Martín M, Castellanos A, Attolini CS, Berenguer A, Prats N, Toll A, Hueto JA, Bescós C, Di Croce L, Benitah SA
Nature
541
(7635 )
41-45 -
+
(2017)
Avgustinova A; Benitah S
Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology
17
(10 )
643 -
658
(2016)

Projects

"Mecanismo de acción e inhibicion terapéutica de la población de celulas stem de la metástasis sensibles a la dieta" Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad and Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER-UE). Reference: BFU2016-79242-P

Gobierno de españa
European union

Grup de Recerca consolidat (SGR 2017-2019) Secretaria d'Universitats i Recerca del Departament d'Empresa i Coneixement de la Generalitat de Catalunya. Agencia de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca (AGAUR). Reference: 2017 SGR 1109

AGAUR
Secretaria d'Universitas i Recerca

"Studying and targeting diet-responsive metastasis initiating cells" Worldwide Cancer Research (WCR). Referencia: 18-0133


"Células madre y cáncer" Fundación Botin (Banco Santander)

Fundación Botín

"Dietary Influences on Metastasis: How, When, and Why" (LIPOMET) European Research Council (ERC) under Horizon 2020 Programme. Reference: 787041

ERC

"Identificación de nuevas estrategias terapéuticas contra las células iniciadoras de la metástasis". Fundación Cientifica de la Asociación Española contra el Cáncer (FCAECC). Reference: PROYE19006AZNA

AECC

Group members

Research Associate
Research Associate
Postdoctoral Fellow
Postdoctoral Fellow
Postdoctoral Fellow
Postdoctoral Fellow
PhD Student
PhD Student
PhD Student
PhD Student
Research Assistant
Research Assistant
Research Assistant
Lab Technician
Visiting Student

Group News

L'IRB Barcelona als mitjans
25 febr. 2019