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High-throughput functional characterization of phosphorylation sites in yeast [IRB Research Nodes Seminar]

25 May 22

Speaker: Dr. Cristina Viéitez 

Oberassistentin / Senior Scientist 

Beltrao Group - Institute of Molecular Systems Biology (IMSB), ETH Zurich, Switzerland

 
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Presentation


 

Host: Núria López-Bigas

Node: Computational Biology / Preclinical Models of Cancer  

Date: Wednesday 25 May 2022, 12.00h

 

Abstract

Phosphorylation is a critical post-translational modification involved in the regulation of almost all cellular processes. However, fewer than 5% of thousands of recently discovered phosphosites have been functionally annotated. In this study, we devised a chemical genetic approach to study the functional relevance of phosphosites in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We generated 474 yeast strains with mutations in specific phosphosites that were screened for fitness in 102 conditions, along with a gene deletion library. Of these phosphosites, 42% exhibited growth phenotypes, suggesting that these are more likely functional. We inferred their function based on the similarity of their growth profiles with that of gene deletions and validated a subset by thermal proteome profiling and lipidomics. A high fraction exhibited phenotypes not seen in the corresponding gene deletion, suggestive of a gain-of-function effect. For phosphosites conserved in humans, the severity of the yeast phenotypes is indicative of their human functional relevance. This high-throughput approach allows for functionally characterizing individual phosphosites at scale

 

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