Results about: amino acids
Chiral molecules are those that are not superimposable on their mirror image. Consequently, there can be two distinct isomers of these molecules, called enantiomers. Many of the compounds associated with living organisms are chiral, for example proteins, enzymes, DNA, hormones, etc.
Our research addresses the evolution of the protein synthesis machinery, the molecular interactions that regulate it, and the biomedical applications that can be derived from its study. Our research projects are focused around the biology of transfer RNA (tRNA).
Xavier Salvatella, ICREA researcher at IRB Barcelona, proposes a new approach to combat prostate tumour cells that have become unresponsive to the treatments currently available.
The incidence of prostate cancer is increasing worldwide. In the US and Europe, it is one of the most common tumours and among the main causes of death by cancer.
Researchers identify the component that allows a lethal type of bacteria to spread resistance to antibiotics
Scientists at IRB Barcelona identify a key component of the machinery that allows Staphylococcus aureus to transfer genes that confer antibiotic resistance.
Infection by antibiotic-resistant S. aureus is a serious threat in hospitals worldwide.
Halting the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is one of the strategies available to tackle hospital infections.
A study performed at IRB Barcelona offers an explanation as to why the genetic code, the dictionary used by organisms to translate genes into protein, stopped growing 3,000 million years ago.
The reason is attributed to the structure of transfer RNAs—the key molecules in the translation of genes into proteins.
The genetic code is limited to 20 amino acids—the building blocks of proteins—the maximum number that prevents systematic mutations, which are fatal for life.
The discovery could have applications in synthetic biology.