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World Cancer Day 2022: IRB Barcelona Cancer Research Highlights

3 Feb 22

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Participants

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Stracker
Group Leader
Tel.+34 93 40 31183

Contact

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Press and Communications Officer
Tel.+34 93 40 37255

We are pleased to join the celebration of World Cancer Day, an international day on 4 February that aims to raise awareness of cancer and encourage efforts devoted to its research, prevention, detection, and treatment.

At IRB Barcelona, we’re committed to a society free of diseases. Our mission is to carry out multidisciplinary research of excellence to offer pioneering solutions to unresolved medical needs in cancer and other diseases linked to ageing.

Aligned with this mission, we’re happy to share some of the latest advances made by our research community.

 

Palmitic acid promotes cancer metastasis and leaves a more aggressive “memory” in tumour cells

Scientists led by ICREA researcher Dr. Salvador Aznar-Benitah have described the mechanism by which a diet rich in palmitic acid makes tumour cells more aggressive, conferring them a greater capacity to metastasize. This study was published in the journal Nature.

 

 

Machine learning fuels personalised cancer medicine

IRB Barcelona’s Biomedical Genomics laboratory, led by Dr. Núria López-Bigas, has developed a computational tool, named BoostDM, that identifies cancer driver mutations for each tumour type. Published in Nature, this development made by Dr. Núria López Bigas, Dr. Ferran Muiños, and Dr. Abel González-Pérez has brought them the 2021 City of Barcelona Prize ("Premi Ciutat de Barcelona").

 

 

One mutation or two? Researchers discover why some genes require one or two hits to promote cancer

A team of scientists, among them IRB Barcelona and ICREA researcher Dr. Fran Supek, have discovered that the power of a mutation depends on its interaction with another, and often even on the relationship between this pair of mutations with a third one. This is the first time that the landscape of third-order interactions has been characterised in cancer. The study was published in Nature Communications.

 

Supek Nature Comms

 

 

Scientists reveal how the impact of chemotherapy on healthy cells affects the development of blood cells

Researchers at IRB Barcelona’s Biomedical Genomics laboratory, led by ICREA researcher Dr. Núria López-Bigas, have identified the "footprints" (in the form of DNA mutations) left by platinum-based chemotherapies in cases of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) associated with the previous chemotherapeutic treatment of a solid tumour. The study was published in the journal Nature Communications.

 

NLB Nature Comms

 

The MAF test® for patients with breast cancer gets closer to the market

This test, developed by Inbiomotion, a spin-off from IRB Barcelona and ICREA, predicts the likelihood of developing bone metastasis and identifies breast cancer patients that would benefit from adjuvant clodronate, thus greatly improving their survival. It has been successfully assayed in two clinical trials, involving a total of 6,500 patients. Read more here.

 

 

A potential target to treat lung cancer identified

Researchers at IRB Barcelona led by Dr. Travis Stracker and Dr. Fran Supek have found the HMCES enzyme to be the Achilles heel of some lung tumours, specifically those with a higher number of mutations caused by the APOBEC system. As an approach to personalised medicine, the work proposes the HMCES sensor of DNA damage as a target to treat some of the most aggressive types of lung tumours. The results of their work were published in PLOS Biology.

 

Lung Cancer

 

 

The spin-off Nuage Therapeutics is launched with the support of Asabys

The company Nuage Therapeutics, a spin-off from IRB Barcelona and ICREA, focuses on the discovery of new drugs aimed at therapeutic targets that, due to their structural properties, are currently considered “undruggable”. Nuage Therapeutics uses a proprietary assay to discover new drugs for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer. Read more here.

 

Nuage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Eduard Batlle, distinguished with the Rei Jaume I Award

Dr. Eduard Batlle, head of the Colorectal Cancer laboratory at IRB Barcelona, ​​ICREA researcher and group leader of CIBER Cancer (CIBERONC), received the Rei Jaume I Award for Medical Research from government authorities and the Spanish Royal Family, in acknowledgement of his pioneering research on the immunology of colorectal cancer. Read more about this distinction here.

 

 

The Evomet project gets underway to train the metastasis researchers of the future

Coordinated by IRB Barcelona, the Innovative Training Network (ITN) Evomet seeks to train future metastasis researchers to apply the knowledge generated in basic research to the search for therapeutic solutions. Evomet is a consortium consisting of 13 groups, which include several of the best academic, clinical and industrial centres working on cancer and metastasis research in Europe. Read more about this project here.

 

Evomet

 

IRB Barcelona opens a new laboratory to study the link between inflammation and cancer

The scientist Dr. Direna Alonso-Curbelo has joined IRB Barcelona to head the Inflammation, Tissue Plasticity & Cancer laboratory. This new group will study the interaction between genetic mutations and inflammation to decipher how they alter the normal identity of cells and their environment to foster cancer, and aims to identify novel targets for its earlier detection and treatment. The group will focus its research efforts on pancreatic and liver cancer, among others.

 

Direna Alonso

 

 

About IRB Barcelona

Created in 2005 by the Generalitat de Catalunya (Government of Catalonia) and University of Barcelona, IRB Barcelona is a Severo Ochoa Centre of Excellence, a seal that was awarded in 2011. The institute is devoted to conducting research of excellence in biomedicine and to transferring results to clinical practice, thus improving people’s quality of life, while simultaneously promoting the training of outstanding researchers, technology transfer, and public communication of science. Its 27 laboratories and eight core facilities address basic questions in biology and are orientated to diseases such as cancer, metastasis, Alzheimer’s, diabetes, and rare conditions. IRB Barcelona is an international centre that hosts 400 employees and more than 30 nationalities. It is located in the Barcelona Science Park. IRB Barcelona is a CERCA center, and a member of the Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST).